Assam Culture, and Tradition

Assam is a Northeastern state in India. Also called the Gateway of Northeast India. Bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Nagaland, Manipur, and Burma in the east. Bangladesh, Tripura, Mizoram in the south and West Bengal in the west. Keep reading to know about Assam Culture and Tradition.

Also called “Seven Sisters” because of the similarity between the states. While talking of geographical features, and interdependence among them in the political, social, and economic spheres. All seven states are isolated from India and the only way to reach there is via Siliguri Corridor in Assam.

The capital is Dispur. Most of the state lies in the valley of the river Brahmaputra. 

One-horned Indian rhinoceros is nearly extinct and found in Assam. Assam receives more rainfall as compared to other parts of India. These rains feed the Brahmaputra river. That helps in the formation of a hydro-geomorphic environment in Assam throughout the year.

Assam has lush green meadows, fertile plains near the enormous Brahmaputra river. Along the beautiful hills with wonderful tea plantation, and flora and fauna. Its pleasant climate throughout the year makes it best for tourism in Assam.


Influenced by the Ahom dynasty and the Koch kingdom, they ruled the region for many years. Main cultural changes were brought about by the Vaishnava movement.

Having a large number of tribes out of which Boro is the largest tribe in Assam. While the other Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garo, Khasis, Gangteother tribes are also there. The majority of the Assamese are of Vaishnava’s tribe. Among the social institutions such as Namghar (house of prayer) and Sattra (the site of religious and cultural practice) became popular. Assam Culture, and Tradition.


The people of Assam speak the language Assamese, it is an Indo-Aryan language and is the official language of the state.

Assam Culture, and Tradition


Men like to wear Dhoti Gamosa. The dhoti is wrapped around the waist. While Gamosa is a cloth with a red border on three sides. It is used to wipe hands.

Assamese women wear Mekhela Chador. It is a two-piece garment that is worn both by young and old. It is draped from the waist to downward and later tucked into the waist. Mekhela is worn around the waist with few folds and the chador is draped around the body. And then brought it back to the waist and tucked in.

Assam Culture, and Tradition


The cuisine is a combination of cooking techniques. That is used by people living in hilly regions and those living in plains. A traditional meal begins with Khar and ends with a spicy and tangy Tenga.

Some of the traditional Assamese dishes are pura maas mankho, dheakiyasak, pitika, etc. Typical Assamese meal has rice and dal masoor jool with mangxo and bhaji.

Many types of rice are grown in Assam and is used as the main dish. Fish curry is made of wild fish like Borali, Rou, Illish, or Sital. Fowl such as ducks and pigeons are also used while pork, chicken, and mutton are popular among youngsters. Assam Culture, and Tradition.

Assam Culture, and Tradition


Bihu is a popular festival that is celebrated all over Assam. Bihu dance is popular during this festival. Mostly performed in open with friends and relatives, along with Dhol and Pepa.

Jhumar Nach, Bagurumba, Ankia Naat, Kushan Nritra, Mishing Bidu etc also popular. Folk songs of Assam include Borgeet.

Art and Crafts

A traditional craft of the Assam. Every woman takes pride in their handloom possessions. They produce clothes of silk and cotton in their handlooms. The important silk products of Assam are Eri, Muga, and Pat.

Once Gandhiji complimented Assamese weavers as an artist who could weave dreams in their looms. They weave fine silk and cotton cloths of various floral patterns and other designs. Traditional crafts like pottery and terracotta work, bell metal, and brass crafts, jewelry making, musical instrument making, cane and bamboo craft is also popular. Assam Culture, and Tradition.



Bihu is the main festival celebrated in the region. Everyone irrespective of their religion observes the festival with great enthusiasm. The Bohag Bihu is celebrated in Mid-April. Also called Rangaali Bihu and is observed by dancing and singing in open with friends and relatives. Assam Culture, and Tradition.

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