Jharkhand a state in eastern India. Formed from the southern part of Bihar on 15th November 2000. After a long demand for a separate State. Jharkhand shares its borders with Bihar in the north. Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the west, Odisha in the south, and West Bengal in the east. Jharkhand is the 14th largest state in terms of population. And the 15th largest state in terms of area. Capital being Ranchi. Jharkhand Culture & Tradition.
Culture and Tradition
A lot of tribes have inhabited this part of the country. The reason being the state has emerged as an important multi-ethnic state. Jharkhand has about thirty communities. Some of the major tribes are the Santhals, Oraons, Mundas, Kharias, Hos, and Cheros.
Jharkhand has various tribal cultures, people are influenced by Buddhism and Jainism. Also from the Mughals, and Hindu kings. The culture of the people depends on the community to which they belong. That influences their living style, rituals, dance, music, language, and literature.
The state is located on Chota Nagpur Plateau with many rivers. Such as Damodar, Brahmani, Kharkai. And the Subarnarekha flows gently adding natural beauty and taste of elegance of nature. You can explore the mild hills, valleys, and riverbeds with endless opportunities for exploration.
Jharkhand is among the richest regions of India in mineral resources. Nearly 40% of the country’s mineral wealth is found here. But this region is still having a problem with poverty, social injustice, corruption. And sporadic outbursts of Maoist and Naxalite violence.
Jharkhand has a rich culture and tradition with several colorful festivals. Lots of branches of sacred trees are brought and are planted in the courtyards. Devotees then worship these tree parts associated with gods and goddesses. Karma puja, Jitis puja, Sarhul are a few examples.
Poush Mela or Tusu Fair is a significant occasion that is celebrated during the Makar Sankranti. Brightly colored and decorated artifacts of folk deity are carried by the people. This is a folk harvesting festival.
The official language of Jharkhand is Hindi and is widely spoken as well. While, the state also got a number of other languages like Bengali, Angika, Kurukh, Mundari, Santali, and Ho.
The most popular cuisines include local varieties such as Arsa, Dhuska, Chhilka, Koinar Sag. Grenn Sag, Dubki, Udad Dal, Kurthi Dal, Litti-Chokha, Sattu Paratha, Pitha, Khapada. Roti, Arsa, Mitha Pitha, and Kudurum Ki Chatni are famous. The food is not so much different from its neighboring states Bihar. People prefer to eat wheat, rice, and vegetable cooked in Sunflower Oil and Mustard Oil.
Dhuska is a dish made from rice. Some of the non-vegeterian food includes Mudwa Khussi Meat, Duck Meat, Deshi Chicken and Tengara Fee.
Litti is a famous dish of Jharkhand that is served with Baigan ka bharta and Aloo Bharta. Jharkhand Pitta is made of rice and has its own flavor. Rugdha, Chilka Roti, Mal-Pua, Bamboo-shoots, ThekuaAaloo Chokha, Till Barfi, and Khaja are also very popular. This is Jharkhand Culture & Tradition
The women’s clothing in Jharkhand is saree and blouse. And you can find high-class Tussar silk sarees here also. Most of the tribal women usually wear Parthan and Panchi. While the non-tribal women wear modern costumes or sari with a blouse. Women also love to wear gold and silver jewelry.
Bhagwan is a single piece of cloth that is worn by men. The Santhal Pargana tribe men wear Santhals and Paharis. That give them a unique look. While men also wear kurta pyjama or dhoti while shirts and trousers are also worn.
Music and Dance
Tribal people of Jharkhand (Mundas, Santhals, and Oraon) are born dancers and singers. There are song and dance at every get-together, they have their own musical instruments and the traditional tribal costumes and jewelry worn by the dancers.
Some of the popular tribal dance of Jharkhand are Hunta Dance, Mundari Dance, Barao Dance, Jitia Karam, Jenana Jhumur, Mardani Jhumur, Seraikella Chhau, Ghora Naach, Domkach, Laha Suya, Jhitka and Danga. This is Jharkhand Culture & Tradition.
Jharkhand is famous for a famous type of folk painting called the paitkar paintings. This painting is one of the earliest forms of tribal paintings in India.
Jharkhand a treasure of arts and crafts and hand-looms. You can find many types of clay elephants, pots painted in brilliant hues. That makes it beautiful with rural motifs, foot-scrubbers, clay figurines, jugs and masks of variety.
At the time of Navratri Bengali craftsmen flock Jharkhand to make idols of Durga, Kali. Saraswati, and other deities, from bamboo, straw, clay colors, tinsel, pith, and other decorations. The ‘painted mask’ tradition of Jharkhand is truly legendary. In the early days, masks were made of leaves, but today’s highly stylized masks use a variety of materials like wood, pumpkin, gourd, cloth, even paper masks.
Dokra, the ancient metal crafts which have caught the interest and attention of the worldwide artistic community, is practiced by the Malhar and Tentri tribes of Jharkhand.
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