Manipur is vibrant in colors and has a rich culture. The history and customs of Manipur attract many people. Their belief and superstitions have always charmed people.
1. Festivals of Manipur
Manipur celebrates many festivals. Dol Jatra (Yaoshang ), Rath Jatra, Lai-Haraoba, Ramjan ID, KUT, Gang-Ngai. Chumpha, Cheiraoba, Heikru Hidongba, Lui-Ngai-Ni, and Kwak Jatra are some of the examples.
- Lai-Haraoba, this festival is celebrated in the name of the deity called Umang Lai. This takes place in May.
- Kut festival, celebrated by the Kuki-Chin-Mizo groups. It usually takes place on 1st November. In the honor of an abundant harvest.
- Gang-Ngai, a festival lasting five days. Starts with the omen taking ceremony. Later on, continued with dance and feast.
- Cheiraoba is the Manipur New Year. Takes place in April. The villagers climb to the nearest hill. This helps in bringing good fortune.
- Yaosang is like the festival of Holi. Considered as the most important festival of Manipur. The people take part in the celebration of merrymaking. Recently, the festive energy is directed towards sporting events to identify talents at the ground zero levels.
Manipuri Culture And Traditions
Rice is the main diet of Manipuris. Kabok is their specialty. In this, the rice is fried with lots of vegetables. Manipuris love Ngri it is a type of fish and carries a distinct smell. They love nga-thongba, ooti, chagem pombaand kangshoi. Lonchak is their favorite vegetable which is none other than a bean. Iromba is a fermented delicacy. It is a combination of fish, vegetables, and bamboo shoots.
3. Traditional Dress
- Innaphi and Phanek are common Manipuri traditional dress for women. People also weave a special Phanek called Mayek Naibi. The designs on Naibi are horizontal stripes that make it look beautiful.
- The Meitai Females stitch a cloth called Kanap Phanek. It has various designs on it. ‘Lai-Phi’ and ‘Chin-Phi’ are some other Manipuri traditional costumes.
- The white turban that is called Pagri is common among men.
- When the kings ruled the land. Khamen Chatpa was gifted to poets and geniuses. Even now, Khamen Chatpa is worn by men belonging to the superior class.
- Nowadays with modernization taking over the traditional culture. People wear the traditional dress only during festivals or rituals.
Manipuri Culture And Traditions
For the people of Manipur, dance is an integral part of the culture. And also for the audience.
- History says that King Khuyoi Tompok was a great lover of art and culture. And developed Manipuri Dance in the 2nd century AD. This dance form started from Vaishnavism in the 15th century.
- The Raas Lila, the story of Radha and Krishna is the most famous dance form. Performed at the temples of Shree Shree Govindjee in Imphal. Also during the nighttime of Basanta Purnima, Kartik Purnima. And Sarada Purnima.
- Nupa Pala, also known as Kartal Cholom or Cymbal Dance. It acts as a prologue to the Raas Lila. It is a group performance by male partners using cymbals and wearing white turbans.
- Pung Cholom dance. Performed when the person dancing is trying to call upon the deity.
- Maibi dance, performed during the festival of Lai-Haraoba. An annual ritual festival of Manipur. The Maibis dance’s and describe the lifestyle of how Manipuri people live.
- Khamba Thoibi dance is a duet dance between a man and a woman. It is dedicated to the sylvan deity. Performed by Khamba (hero) and Thoibi (heroine) of the Moirang episode of the past.
People of Manipur are fond of music. They have a strong feeling for the same. Folk songs dominate the region.
- Khullong Ishei is sung by the Meities. In villages, while they go to work like fishing. Their theme is love. The singer adjusts the lyrics of the song with his own tune.
- Pena Ishei is another form of song. Accompanied by a musical instrument called Pena. The theme is mainly the love story of Khamba-Thoibi. A Pena looks like a slender bamboo rod. That is attached to the round dry shell of gourd of coconut. In order to produce the musical symphony, the bamboo rod is held in the left hand. And the drum shell is pressed against the chest. While the right hand is used for holding the curved iron rod. The strings are rubbed with the curved iron rod.
- Lai Haraoba Ishei is a song, known for erotic mysticism. The inner meaning is covered up by the use of simple words. Sung during the ceremonial occasion of Lai-Haraoba. Thoubal Chongba, Nat, Gaur Padas, Dhob, Napi Pala, Khubaishei. And Raslila songs are famous songs sung in that region.
It’s not surprising that northeastern states have people who are into the creative business. Their craft is very different from the rest of the country. Manipur is one of the largest producers of bamboo crafts in India and decorative items. Such as sofa sets, stools, mats, basketry, and flower vases are made.
- Kauna is a kind of reed used for making mats and cushions. It is often exported to countries like the UK, Netherlands, Germany. France, UAE and Switzerland.
- Pottery is an old craft of Manipur. It is painted in different and bright colors.
- Textile Weaving is practiced by women. Also known as Laichamphi.
You should not miss out on this exciting place. Manipur is a treat to the eyes. All those who visit this vibrant state are never disappointed. Manipuri Culture And Traditions.
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