Mizoram is an amazing state with lots of scenic spots and vibrant culture. Tribal communities are inhabiting this state they are referred to as the Mizos. Also known as the land of diverse tribes and different people living together. These different tribes and communities have their unique features. Keep reading to know about the Traditions and Culture of Mizoram.
Tribes of Mizoram
Mizoram population consists of several groups. The diversity of the groups reflect their historical immigration patterns. Some of the major tribes in Mizoram are the Hmar, Ralte, Lai, Lusei.
Festivals of Mizoram
These festivals have the vast cultural diversity of the state. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Festivals play a major role in the brotherhood bonds of the tribes. They also help them to perform their old traditions and rituals. While they also renew some old bonds and ties. Each tribe has its own festival and rituals.
1. Mim Kut
One of the important festivals of Mizoram. Celebrated in the months of August and September. This includes dancing and singing and keeps going for four to five days. It involves paying patronage and tribute to their ancestors. These include offering bread, maize, vegetables, and other items.
2. Chapchar Kut
One of the oldest festivals of Mizoram. The farmers cut bamboo forests to make a place for seasonal farming. They wait for the bamboo heaps to get dry and then burn them. People dress up wearing traditional clothes and hats that are made from parrot feathers and beads. A traditional bamboo dance, performed by the women. They dance gracefully while the men sit on the ground and beat each other with bamboo sticks. And singing traditional songs.
3. Pawl Kut
This festival is like both the other. Also, celebrated for the great harvest of straw. Celebrated in December and is also said to be the Thanksgiving festival. That is celebrated three months after the Mim Kut. Meat and egg are a part of the food of the festival. Rice beer is also consumed during this festival with lots of fun.
4. Thalfavang Kut
Celebrated in the months of November. This is also concerning harvest. It marks the onset of harvest. Many events and games are a part of this festival. Tribes and communities gather around and pitch in their collections in the form of feasts and happily spend their time. Traditions and Culture of Mizoram.
Dance Forms of Mizoram
The state also has some interesting dance forms. The residents love to indulge in dance and making their lives as cheerful and vibrant. The dance forms are delightful and interesting. They reflect the jubilant spirit of the Mizos. Most of these dances are performed during the festivals.
The major dance form of Mizoram. Also known as the bamboo dance. One of the oldest dances of the Mizos. Long bamboo is used in this dance form. The men sit face to face on the ground and holding the bamboo sticks. They tap pairs of horizontal and cross bamboo staves open and close. In a rhythmic beat. This dance form is performed with great care and precision. The main instruments are gongs and drums.
Guests are invited from the other villages. Gongs also called Darbu are the most important instruments of the dance. No song is sung during the dance. The traditional handwoven Mizo cloth is wrapped around the shoulder. The dance is performed by swaying the fabric.
Performed during the Chapar Kut festival. Performed by men and women standing in a circle. Men hold the shoulder of the women while the women hold the waist of the men. The musicians are in the middle of the circles; they play the drums and the Mithun’s horn.
Sarlamkai is performed as a celebration after winning a war. Men and women stand in their places. While the hero dances holding his shield and his sword, swinging it to the tune of gong beats.
Traditions and Culture of Mizoram
Food of Mizoram
The cuisine focuses mainly on non-vegetarian dishes that are served on banana leaves. Mustard oil is used for food preparations. Along with the use of spices like garlic, ginger, and chili. Their food is less spicy compared to other regions. Rice is the main diet. Along with several vegetarian and non-vegetarian curries. Bamboo shoots are used to give the dishes the aroma. Some of the traditional Mizo cuisines include Bai, Vawksa Rep, and Arsa Buhchiar.
Art and Craft of Mizoram
Mizoram are have a large variety of art and craftworks. Textiles, bamboo, cane works, and basketry is the main craftwork. Many women indulge in weaving and basketry. The bamboo cane sector flourishes. Mizoram is known for its specialization in bamboo cane craftwork. Traditions and Culture of Mizoram.
Mizoram’s culture and heritage are reflected in their clothes too. The traditional clothing of Mizoram has similarities. With the costumes of other North-east states. This clothing is symbolic of ethnic heritage.
- The most favorite one is the Puan. Similar to a churidar and kurta. Having three pieces of clothing – top clothing, legging. And a headcloth resembling a dupatta.
- Puanchei is worn on occasions and weddings. A two-piece with a long skirt type lower and a top or shirt worn above it. Comes in many varieties – Chapchar Kut, Mim Kut, and Pawl Kut. These are brightly colored, with checkered designs.
- During the dance, the women wear a headdress, which is a beautiful part of the Mizo Lusei dress. It is built of coronal, which is made of brass and colored cane.
- Some of the attractive blouses worn by the Mizo women above Puanchei. While dances are Kawrchei and Ngotekherh.
- Kawrchei is made of cotton material and is usually hand woven. Another beautiful piece of the blouse, Zakuolaisen is made with crimson stripes. This is worn by unmarried females. The married females wear Puon Pie.
- The simplicity of men in Mizoram is reflected in their clothes. They simply put on a long piece of clothing, which is their traditional garment.
- During winters, they add on coats to drape their garment.
- Mizo males prefer red and white colored coats. During the summers, they can be seen wearing outfits around their waist. Along with a turban on their head to shield them from the heat.
- The males of the Lusei tribes always prefer cotton clothing.
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